Dentures are artificial replacements for your natural teeth and gums. If an accident, a disease or your oral health care has left you with only a few healthy teeth or none at all, your denturist might suggest dentures to replace your missing teeth. There are 2 types of dentures: complete and partial. For both types of dentures your denturist makes a model of your teeth by taking impressions. The models are used to custom- make your dentures.
Complete dentures are what we most often refer to as “false teeth.” They are also called “full dentures” and are used when all your natural teeth are missing. Complete dentures are removable as they are held in place by suction. They can cause soreness at first and take some time to get used to. There are 2 types of complete dentures: immediate dentures and conventional dentures.
Immediate dentures are made before your teeth are removed. Your denturist takes measurements and makes models of your jaws during your first visit. Once your teeth are extracted, your denturist inserts the immediate dentures. The benefit of immediate dentures is that you are not without teeth during the healing period, which can take up to 6 months. During the healing period, your bones and gums can shrink and your immediate dentures may need to be relined by your denturist for a proper fit.
Conventional dentures are made and inserted into your mouth after your teeth have been extracted and the gums and jaw tissues have healed. This is what we typically see with patients who are already denture wearers and are looking for a new set of teeth.
Partial dentures are also called “removable partial denture prostheses” or “partials,” and tend to be used when just a few teeth are missing. Partial dentures are made up of one or more artificial teeth held in place by clasps that fit onto nearby natural teeth. You can take the partial denture out yourself for cleaning and at night.
Complete and partial dentures need to be cleaned every day just like natural teeth. Otherwise, plaque and tartar can build up on your dentures and cause stains, bad breath and gum problems. Plaque from your dentures can also spread to your natural teeth and gums, causing gum disease and cavities.
Click here to learn the proper ways to take care of your dentures.